Table of Contents
- 1 Do I Need a Water Softener?
- 2 What Size Water Softener do I Need?
- 3 How Much Does a Water Softener Cost?
- 4 Best Water Softener Reviews – (Updated List)
- 4.1 1. SpringWell FutureSoft Water Softener
- 4.2 2. Pelican NaturSoft Water Softener Alternative
- 4.3 3. SoftPro Elite High-Efficiency City Water Softeners
- 4.4 4. Fleck 5600SXT Water Softener System
- 4.5 5. FilterSmart Whole House Water Filter & Salt-Free Combo
- 4.6 6. Nuvo H20 Dphb-a Home Water Softener System
- 4.7 7. ABCwaters Built Fleck 5600sXT 48,000 Grain Water Softener
- 4.8 8. Whirlpool WHESFC Pro Series – Softener/Whole Home Filter Hybrid
- 4.9 9. EcoPure EP31 31,000 Grain water Softener
- 4.10 10. Water Boss 74011 Water Softener
- 4.11 11. Pentair WS48-56SXT10 Fleck Water Softener
- 5 What Does Hard Water Mean?
- 6 Are you Located in a Hard Water Area?
- 7 How do I Determine If I Have Hard Water?
- 8 What Else do I Need to Know?
- 9 Types of Water Softeners
- 10 How do I Choose the Best Water Softener System for me?
- 11 How Do I Install a Water Softener?
- 12 How Do I Clean a Water Softener?
- 13 How Long Do Water Softeners Last?
- 14 FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ANSWERED
- 15 Conclusion
Water softeners are quickly becoming a required appliance for many people who are dealing with hard water characteristics like chlorine and magnesium. Without a softening system in your home, these calcified minerals can attach to your water pipes and appliances, causing major headaches for both you and your checkbook.
As water softening technology evolves, more and more options are available to the consumer giving you endless options for a fully, customized water softening system that is suited to your home’s water supply.
The most trusted water softening and filtration brands on the planet continue to add more and more features to their water softening units, ensuring that there is something for everyone.
Each home is different in terms of their water’s makeup, and because there are so many options available, odds are there is something that will work for you. By following the in-depth review breakdown and our handy buying guide below, we will help direct you towards the best water softener on the market for you and your family.
Do I Need a Water Softener?
This is a question that will have a different answer for each one of you that is reading this article. For starters, there are some visual things that can tell you whether you are dealing with a hard water problem.
The first thing you should look at it is your dishes and glassware. If you are seeing a ton of hard water spots on glasses, then that is a tell-tale sign that you have a large amount of calcium in your waterline. Additionally, if you notice an odd smell, like sulfur in your water, this is another major sign of the need for a water softener.
If you have the means to test your water, this is the best way to know about your hard water and the best way to have a definitive answer if a water softener is right for you.
Water testing will give you a direct and accurate count of how many grains per gallon you are dealing with, and the amount of dissolved minerals like calcium and magnesium.
If you see a notable amount of these minerals in your water, it is best that you investigate installing a soft water softener.
What Size Water Softener do I Need?
Both salt-based and salt-free water softeners will come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Most systems have an include pre-filter that removes larger sediment and grain water from your water, too. It is important to remember this because those filters will have a maximum capacity rating along with a maximum water softener capacity as well.
When it comes to choosing the best size water softener for you, make sure you consider the number of bathrooms in your home, and the number of people. Many hard water softeners, both types, will come with a bathroom number rating.
The higher this number, the more water your softener will be able to handle. Each system will have a different formula for determining the perfect size for you; make sure you investigate this before buying. A combination of the total bathrooms within your home and the number of people will usually be the criteria for most sizing questions.
How Much Does a Water Softener Cost?
Water softeners, like all appliances will fluctuate heavily in regard to the costs associated. The major factors that will contribute to costs include, capacity, efficiency, additional filtration features, and overall reliability.
You will see water softener cost for smaller, single bathroom homes starting in the low $400-range, while other systems that are designed to handle larger homes and have all the bells and whistles will go for several thousands of dollars. It is important to remember that many hard water softeners are affordable to run, and they are one of the most long-lasting appliances within your home.
The initial investment may seem steep, but overtime, they are highly affordable, and with the added benefits of how they protect your other appliances make them worth it almost right away.
Best Water Softener Reviews – (Updated List)
1. SpringWell FutureSoft Water Softener
- The system includes a sediment pre-filter and the salt-free water softening unit.
- There is no water discharge associated with the system due to its salt-free nature.
- Water testing has proven that there is a reduction of 99.6% of scale buildup.
- It comes with an industry-leading 6-month money-back guarantee.
- The softening unit has a technology called Template Assisted Crystallization (TAC) that converts hard minerals so that they will not stick to your pipes or appliances.
The SpringWell salt-free system comes with everything you need to improve the longevity of your appliances and remove some of those pesky hardness particles from your water supply. It has a great track record for being a reliable hard water softening unit at an affordable price. The include sediment filter is housed in a coconut shell container, which boasts its unique contaminant fighting qualities.
Installing the SpringWell system is one of our favorite aspects of this system. It comes with in-depth instructions, and the support that the company provides is top-notch.
They have a bevy of online support manuals and DIY videos that allow homeowners to install this system with ease.
After the easy installation, you will see immediate results. The chlorine levels are virtually eliminated, and magnesium also takes a hit.
If you are trying to remove some of that gross limescale buildup, this system will be your best friend. On average, after a few weeks of usage, you will see a reduction of over 96%.
What We Like:
- SpringWell provides a great user manual that allows you to easily install the product by yourself.
- There is no electricity required, which is great because the system is free to run.
- The pre-sediment filter is a great touch; it is lined in coconut shell, making it extra contaminant resistant.
- We were very impressed with how much chlorine was removed from the water.
- It has ActivFlo technology that ensures your flow rate remains steady.
What We Didn’t Like:
- This system does not work great if your water comes from a Well. It will require additional filters.
2. Pelican NaturSoft Water Softener Alternative
- This salt-free system comes in 1-3 bathroom capacity or a 3-6 bathroom capacity.
- Pelican guarantees that it will prevent 99.6% of scale buildup.
- It is certified by NSF/ANSI standard 61 and standard 42, which ensure it is safe to operate.
- There is an included pre-filter that is there to catch and remove large sediment from your water supply before it reaches the softener.
- The beneficial minerals found in water will not be removed, making it a healthy option.
The Pelican water softener alternative is a salt-free water softener that combines the typical water de-ionization process with a coconut-shell housed sediment filter.
The first thing you will notice about this system is that it is built from quality materials. It is a solid, sturdy system that NSF/ANSI has certified to be safe to operate and built solid.
We like having options, and the Pelican makes sure to provide this by giving is the option to choose from a system designed to handle 1-3 separate bathrooms or 3-6.
There is an included sediment filter that does a wonderful job of removing large rocks, grain water, and sediments from your water connection before it even hits the softener.
Water testing has proven that this system removes these grains but also does a wonderful job of lowering the levels of hardness minerals that can cause calcification and scale buildup. The system guarantees to remove upwards of 99.6% of calcium buildup, and water testing confirms this.
What We Like:
- We appreciate that the system allows for your choice of capacity; the 1-3 bathroom version is cheaper than the alternative and will work for most homes.
- It comes with quality valves and fittings. There is very little plastic, which we appreciate.
- The system looks sleek. It is a beautiful chrome finished system.
- It comes with a 90-day moneyback guarantee if you need to return it for any reasons.
What We Didn’t Like:
- There seems to be some water pressure issues if the pre-filter is not constantly fresh.
3. SoftPro Elite High-Efficiency City Water Softeners
- It comes with a full lifetime warranty on all components.
- There is a 1” outflow valve that ensures that water pressure and flow rate remain steady.
- You can choose between 8 different grain water capacity options; the best one for you depends on your water usage and quality.
- There are 4 different add-ons that are optional but effective in treating your water.
- It comes with a programmable control valve that allows you to have full control over your unit.
When it comes to the SoftPro System, the word that comes to mind is efficiency. They went out of their way to ensure that their salt-based water softening system does not waste any unnecessary water, along with ensuring that homeowners have full control over their water softener.
The first thing you will notice is that this system comes with a crystal-clear LED control valve that allows you to control the system simply. You can use this to place the system in vacation mode or refresh the system at your ease.
When comparing the system’s efficiency ratings to comparable water softeners, the SoftPro system is among the best.
On average, the SoftPro discharges nearly 65% less water than other salt-based water systems during the regeneration process.
Additionally, you will save money on both salt and total operational costs by about 70% on both accounts.
SoftPro also offers you the ability to upgrade your water softening with several upgrade options that you can add to your system. These include multi-stage filter systems, carbon filters, and quick-flow valves of any size.
What We Like:
- The SoftPro comes with a bevy of certifications from 3rd party companies, giving us peace of mind that this is a quality system.
- We absolutely love the control valve. It has a digital LED screen that is crystal clear.
- The system uses 65% less water than comparable salt-based softener.
- SoftPro relies on “Upflow” technology that pushes water up through a resin to ensure more hardness minerals are removed.
- We have noticed that compared to other similar systems, there is less salt required.
What We Didn’t Like:
- The valve comes in a 1” size, which is fine, but if you need something different, you have to purchase separately.
4. Fleck 5600SXT Water Softener System
- This softening system comes with the one of the best control valves on the market, the Fleck 5600 SXT
- You can choose from 5 different grain capacity options, up to 64000.
- It comes with 10% cross-linked resin that will last much longer than comparable salt or resin.
- There is an included 10-year warranty on the tank and a 5-year warranty on the control valve.
- Within the brine tank, there is a fill line and safety float that ensures you will not run into any leak issues.
We cannot say enough good things about the Fleck 5600 SXT valve and water softening system. The valve itself is loaded with features that allow you to have complete control over your system, including a vacation mode that will suspend the system’s intake, ensuring you are not wasting water.
We appreciate the options that Fleck offers in terms of grain capacity. There are five different options ranging from 24,000 to 64,000 grains; the best one for you will depend on how much water your home uses and the quality of ground water.
Additionally, Fleck offers several optional upgrades to ensure that you are getting the absolute most out of your water softener.
These things include reverse osmosis (RO) alkaline add-ons specifically designed for drinking water, carbon filters, and high-efficiency resin that will lessen wastewater and improve salt efficiency.
Another thing we appreciate about the Fleck system is the easy installation process. They provide detailed instructions and a ton of online support options that ensure you will easily install the system by yourself.
What We Like:
- The Fleck valve is the best in the business; it gives us full control of our system.
- You will have the option of purchasing additional upgrades that allow you to add even more hard water filtration to your waterline.
- For a full-scale water softener system, the Fleck system is small and compact. This makes it easy to install virtually anywhere while not missing out on amazing water softening.
- It is among the best systems we have come across at removing chlorine.
- You will see an immediate improvement in limescale buildup in your pipes and appliances.
What We Didn’t Like:
- By no means is the flow rate poor but expect to see some reduction in flow rate.
5. FilterSmart Whole House Water Filter & Salt-Free Combo
- This system has two tanks, one for softening water, and the other adds multiple filtration stages.
- There is a sediment filter that water hits first that removes sediment and other large minerals.
- You can choose between two size options; one handles homes with 1-3 bathrooms while the bigger option can handle 4-6 bathrooms.
- The system comes with a 1,000,000-gallon capacity, one of the longest in the business.
- The softener uses Jacobi carbons made from coconut shells that are among the most efficient resin barrier membrane materials.
The dual-tank FilterSmart system truly takes everything you could want in a water filtration system and rolls into a compact package that will fit in near space in your home.
The installation is among the easiest in the business, too. FilterSmart is known for its technical support, and in-depth installation guides, and this system is no exception. They have several online resources to leverage, and we are confident you will find it easy to install on your own.
In terms of performance, it is hard to look past the 1,000,000-gallon capacity, the longest in the business, and quite an impressive start. The rest of the whole house water softener system is one of the best whole house water softener and filters we have gotten to experience.
The combined filtering agents and the resin-based softening process removes more contaminants than any other system on our list.
The pre-filter is also a nice touch; it removes large sediment and debris before it even reaches the softener and filtration tanks.
What We Like:
- This whole house water softener removes hundreds of contaminants and hardness particles.
- The coconut-shell carbon produces some of the best tasting water that we have found.
- We are extremely impressed with the longevity of the system; 1,000,000 gallons is a ton.
- The system does not use salt, which will save you money in the long run on salt and operational costs.
- We love that there is no electricity required to run this system. It is better for the environment and your wallet.
What We Didn’t Like:
- The valve is plastic, which is not the best material. We prefer brass or metal.
6. Nuvo H20 Dphb-a Home Water Softener System
- This small and compact system is designed to lower pH levels, causing hardness minerals to be unable to attach to pipes and appliances.
- It is built for a home with 1-2 residents at the most.
- There is no need for salt or electricity with this system; it is mega-efficient.
- The filtering cartridges will last upwards of 20,000 gallons before needing to be replaced.
- There are several optional add-ons that will expand your capacity or a smaller unit that fits well in RVs and mobile homes.
The Nuvo system is the smallest and most compact system that we have reviewed thus far. It is our favorite for smaller homes or mobile homes where space can be at a premium.
The system is extremely simple, too, making installation take less than an hour in most cases. Nuvo offers a ton of resources to help with installation and maintenance as well; it truly is a user-friendly system.
The package will come with everything you need to install, including a mounting bracket that is solid, along with a housing wrench that will allow you to easily change filters.
When it comes to the water softening aspects of the system, for the price and size, you are getting phenomenal value.
The system will remove existing scale buildup among your pipes and appliances, which will elongate the life of your appliances tenfold. Additionally, it will help prevent any future scale buildup. Cartridge life is decent and is rated to handle up to 20,000 gallons of water before needing to be replaced. Replacing them is simple too, and they are affordable replacement cartridges that come directly from Nuvo.
What We Like:
- This is the smallest system on our list; it could fit virtually anywhere, making installation a snap.
- Replacing the cartridges is simple, and they are affordable to replace.
- It has a wonderful flow rate; it is rated to handle up to 15 gallons per minute.
- After installation, there is a noticeable decline in existing scale buildup within your pipes.
- The system uses something called chelation that makes hardness particles unable to attach to pipes or appliances.
What We Didn’t Like:
- The plastic components on the system have been known to expand in hot climates.
7. ABCwaters Built Fleck 5600sXT 48,000 Grain Water Softener
- This system is controlled by the Fleck 5600SXT valve, which is widely known as the best.
- It comes with a mineral holding tank, and a brine tank, both of which have a 10-year warranty.
- The mineral holding tank will come pre-filled with resin to make your life easier.
- The Fleck control valve will come pre-programmed with the most popular setting.
- ABCwaters provides several ways to contact support, including FaceTime and text messages.
Powered by the Fleck 5600SXT control valve, the ABCwaters system is among the most reliable and most popular systems out there. They truly go above and beyond to ensure that you have everything you need to install this system when it arrives at your home.
The pre-filled resin tank, along with the pre-programmed Fleck control valve, removes any confusion about the control valve and helps you avoid lugging around heavy bags of resin.
Water testing proved that the system was ultra-effective at removing hard water molecules that derive from magnesium and calcium within your water supply.
These are two of the leading causes of hard water and scale buildup, making them among the most important things to consider when you are choosing the best water softeners for you.
Water testing showed that calcium and magnesium were virtually removed from the water line, ensuring that you will see a reduction in scale buildup in your appliances and pipes.
What We Like:
- We appreciate the extra-mile that ABCwaters goes through to make sure your system arrives ready to roll.
- The system is certified by WQA on a variety of their levels, ensuring that you getting a proven system.
- It comes with an electronic powerhead with easy to use push buttons to control your system,
- We were very impressed by the amount of support that ABCwaters offers. You can contact them in a variety of ways.
- The standard 48,000-grain capacity will work for nearly all homes, but we do like that they have other options.
What We Didn’t Like:
- Most systems require you to flush your system before drinking the water, but the flush time with this system was very long.
8. Whirlpool WHESFC Pro Series – Softener/Whole Home Filter Hybrid
- This is a unique system that combines a water softening system and a filtration system.
- Rather than 2 separate tanks or stages, this hybrid model combines softening and filtering into one unit.
- It has a 31,000-grain capacity that can handle families up to 5 given normal water usage.
- The internal filter NEVER needs to be replaced; it self-cleans as needed.
- It uses up to 25% less salt than comparable systems.
The Whirpool Hybrid system is among the most unique systems that we have a review to this point. It combines the best of both water softening systems and basic filtration devices into one small and compact system that runs effectively and efficiently. It comes with the NSF’s gold stamp of approval that ensures it is safe to operate, and the water it produces is safe to consume.
The system includes everything you need to install the system on your own. It is simple to install thanks to Whirpool’s in-depth instructional manual and an endless library of support videos that are available online to use at your expense.
This hybrid system comes with a secondary filter that removes sediment and contaminants, but the most notable part is that this filter never needs to be replaced. It is cleaned internally by the system, and because of this, you will never have to deal with cleaning or replacing the filter, nor will you see any deduction in flow rate due to a slow filter.
What We Like:
- This hybrid model is the perfect size to install virtually anywhere. Compared to other systems that combine softening and filtering, this is the smallest by far.
- We are very impressed with the controls on the system; the buttons are easy to use and can control the entire system with ease.
- The system includes a filter that never needs to be replaced, which is an amazing feature.
- Water testing has proven that the system effectively reduces sediment, chlorine, and odd tastes from water.
- The system can effectively treat water that is rated up to 120 grains per gallon.
What We Didn’t Like:
- The system has advertised a filter and softener, but there are not many filtration features included.
9. EcoPure EP31 31,000 Grain water Softener
- This softener comes with Autosense Technology that calculates the exact amount of salt needed, so it will not waste any.
- It is certified by NSF for reduction in hard water contaminants and symptoms.
- The system was designed to effectively treat water supplies from a city or well system.
- You can choose between a 31,000 grain or 42,000 grain softener, depending on your water quality and usage.
- The LED screen has easy to use controls and features a low-salt alarm.
We were highly impressed with the features that the EcoPure provides, especially for the price point that this system falls under. The easy to use control panel will allow you to easily configure your system to your exact needs, place it in vacation mode, and will also warn you when the salt level is getting low.
On the subject of salt, this system features a salt sensing technology that calculates the exact amount of salt it needs to effectively treat the water. This guarantees that you are not wasting any salt and will save you money in the long run on refills.
One thing we like to see is an NSF/ANSI certification, and the EcoPure features a certification that confirms a major reduction hardness causing particles.
Water testing has proven that you will see a major deduction in calcium and magnesium, which are two of the leading causes of water hardness. Additionally, you will see a reduction in iron, which is a bonus for a water softener, especially at this price.
What We Like:
- The small stature of this system is perfect for smaller homes but will work for families of 4 with ease.
- Unlike many softeners, this system effectively removes iron from water supplies.
- It can effectively remove 110 grains per gallon, which is among the best in its class when comparing this system to others in this price range.
- Calcium and magnesium will be virtually removed from the water pipe, guaranteeing the removal of scale buildup.
- You will see brighter and softer clothing after installing this system, it does wonders for the washing machine.
What We Didn’t Like:
- The bypass valve is plastic; we prefer brass or some sort of metal.
10. Water Boss 74011 Water Softener
- This softening system is a small, and compact unit designed for cabins and RVs.
- At only 26” tall, this system is the shortest of any that we have reviewed.
- The system comes with typical water softening features along with iron and sediment filters.
- It takes the system 17 to 19 minutes to regenerate and 2.5 to 4 pounds of salt.
- There is a 22,000-grain capacity, which is more than enough for a small space or a single person.
If you are looking for smaller, and more compact softening system with several additional benefits, this system may be the best choice for you.
For starters, its small and compact design is perfect for RVs, trailers, or cabins where space is at a premium. It is perfect for these types of places where you may not rely on that water supply every day throughout the home.
For a system at this price point, we were impressed with the additional features that it includes. Most systems around this price will include your basic water softening agents, but not much else. With the Water Boss, you will get solid a softening system with the added benefit of a sediment filter and the ability remove a large chunk of iron. Overall, this is the perfect system for a smaller home or RVing family.
What We Like:
- The included 10-Micron sediment feature is a nice touch; it removes larger sediment easily.
- We were impressed that the system removes iron efficiently.
- The system comes with a water hardness test, ensuring that you know exactly what you are dealing with.
- It comes with a CD/DVD that will show you in video, every step of the installation process.
- The system uses a computerized regeneration process that will automatically run the process when needed.
What We Didn’t Like:
- There is more wastewater than we like to see with a system of this size.
11. Pentair WS48-56SXT10 Fleck Water Softener
- The system comes with one of the best control valves, the 5600SXT.
- It comes with everything you need to install the fleck water softener system by yourself.
- It uses a 10% cross-linked resin as the softening media, which is among the best rated you can find.
- The valve comes with a 5-year warranty but has been tested to last well over 20 years.
- The tank that it comes with can hold up to 250 pounds of salt, lessening the number of times you must replenish it.
If you are dealing with constantly having to rewash your dishes and glassware once it is removed from your dishwasher, then this system should be on your list.
Right after installation, the hard water spots and dinginess that was constantly left on my glasses was completely removed with this fleck water softener. To me, that was worth the price alone. You will benefit the quality of your showers, and the overall taste of the water, too!
Water testing proved that there is massive reduction of magnesium and calcium, the two biggest culprits of causing hard water in your home.
In addition to the bevy of water improvements, the fleck water softener system also includes several safety features that make it a choice that leaves you with peace of mind.
The Fleck valve has a variety of features that will alarm you of any issues. There is also a safety float that will prevent any leaks from your tank, which is a major help to your wallet.
What We Like:
- We love the safety features of this system, especially the safety float that prevents leaks.
- The instructional manual and online support are among the best that we have seen, it is easy to follow and makes it easy to install.
- The SXT valve has an LCD display that works great when you are configuring it to your preferred settings.
- The tank is made from a polymer-glass material that is solid and one of the most durable materials that you can find in a tank.
- It comes with metered regeneration, meaning that it will regenerate only when it needs to, helping with reducing unneeded wastewater and discharge.
What We Didn’t Like:
- The water lines that are included are not great. You may want to purchase alternatives.
What Does Hard Water Mean?
This is an important question to understand as you begin the search for the best water softener system for you. Hard water refers to a water supply that has a surplus of dissolved minerals like calcium, magnesium, and sulfates. Without treating or ‘Softening’ your water, these things can cause deposits of calcium and limescale to build up within your pipes and appliances.
Because the minerals are dissolved, does not mean that they come through the entire water system the same way.
Often, you will find scale buildup and other deposits clogging and attaching to your appliances that use hot water and your hot water pipes. The key here is the term, ‘Hot Water.’ When hard water is brought into your home, it is bringing with it the dissolved minerals.
When this water is heated up for a shower, cooking, or in the water heater, the heat will cause the minerals to expand and solid calcium carbonate can form. Without treating this, you will lessen the life of your appliances and constantly be fighting hard water spots and dishes, glassware, and water-based appliances.
Are you Located in a Hard Water Area?
Our readers come from all over the world, making it impossible for me to sit here and tell you about each of your water supplies. But I can say with some degree of confidence that you are most likely dealing with hard water in some capacity. Some places are worse than others of course, but on average, 85% of people with a ground water supply are dealing with hard deposits in some capacity or another.
The things that will affect the amount of hard water in your area are tenfold. There are many factors to consider, including elevation, ground material composition, and overall weather patterns in your area. Odds are, you are dealing with hard water, and it would do you and your family well to do everything you can to control this.
How do I Determine If I Have Hard Water?
This should be your first step when you begin your search for the best water softener for you. There are numerous water testing kits available in stores and at several online distributors. Water testing kits are a great start in your fight against hard water because it outlines the exact makeup of the water supply and gives you exact measurements of each contaminant within your water supply.
By knowing exactly what you have in your water, you will be more able to correct this and find a water softening solution that fits YOUR exact needs.
Without a water test, there are a few simple ways to tell if you are dealing with hard water. These ways will obviously not give you the exact measurements like a water testing kit, but with the naked eye, you can easily tell if you are dealing with calcium deposits or other hard water contaminants. If you notice that your showerheads, faucets, or water pipes have a thick, calcium deposit on them, you may have a hard water issue. Additionally, if the water smells odd, or has a tanginess to the taste, these are other symptoms of a hard water issue.
What Else do I Need to Know?
What is a Water Softener?
A water softener system will take the water directly from the source, and condition it to be better tasting, smell better, and, most importantly, it will stop the limescale buildup within your pipes and appliances.
They come in all shapes and sizes, allowing almost any home, RV, cabin, or any other water place to garner the benefits of soft water by installing a softening system.
Water softeners will come with optional water filtration upgrades as well, allowing you to customize your home water supply. UV lights, multi-stage filtration systems, and water deionizers can all be added to your softening solution to make your water the best it can possibly be.
Types of Water Softeners
In general, there are two specific types of water softeners that you will see when you begin your investigation into the best water softening solution for you. Both systems have their own unique characteristics and features, but regardless of what you choose, it will improve your water and make it healthier and better for you pipes and appliances.
The most popular water softening solution is a salt-based system. This system uses crystallized salt pellets as a buffer and membrane to remove hard water traits from water molecules and capture them before the water flows back into your home’s central water supply.
Salt-Based systems are often the more preferred solution because they will remove the negative minerals and contaminants from the water supply, rather than just condition the water to ‘disrupt’ these water molecules. The salt pellets that are in the water softener’s holding tank will act as a hard water buffer. As water flows through the system and salt pellets, the salt pellets have such a small Micron rating that any dissolved hard water contaminant will be stopped in its track, while healthy water minerals are sifted through with it.
As the hard water molecules are trapped within the salt pellets, the salt pellets will slowly dissolve until it is time to replenish the salt tank.
The salt-free solution to hard water issues is an alternative to the salt-based system that is preferred by people that do not want to replenish the salt tank or deal with any maintenance.
Salt-Free systems are typically maintenance-free and are super simple to deal with after the installation is complete. Additionally, they are typically smaller and more affordable than the salt-based systems because they technically do not remove any contaminants from the water supply.
Instead of complete removal of hard water contaminants, salt-free system will rather rework and ‘condition’ the water supply and its water molecules to not be able to stick to pipes and faucets. If scale buildup within your appliances and pipes is your biggest concern, then a salt-free system is a phenomenal solution for you. But keep in mind, these systems do not remove anything, nor does it technically ‘soften’ the water. It conditions it.
How do I Choose the Best Water Softener System for me?
This is the most common question I receive regarding water softeners, and it is a great question. The answer is largely based on what you are wanting to accomplish by installing a water softener. If you are not very concerned about the water’s molecular makeup and about removing water molecules but rather focused on keeping your pipes and appliances clear, then a salt-free system is your choice.
They have far less maintenance, are typically cheaper, but keep in mind they do not remove anything from the water, so you will still be consuming the dissolved minerals, which will not be harmful but may not be as tasty.
If you want to get the absolute most out of your water softener system and wish to not only protect your pipes and appliances but also make your water taste perfectly and be as healthy as can be, a salt-based system should be on your mind. They require slightly more maintenance since there is usually a pre-filter included, but this added maintenance ensures that your water is not only good for your appliances, but also good for your health.
Water softeners, and water filtration solutions are notorious for slowing down water pressure throughout your home. If you think about it, it does make sense as to why. Water goes through several levels of filtration and therefore, it is hard to expect that the water pressure would be able to continue at the same rate as when it goes through your home completely unimpeded.
One thing that you will need to investigate is how much a specific water softener will affect your water pressure. It is safe to assume that they will all have an effect of some sort on it but there are systems that deal with this better than others.
When I chose my personal water softening solution, I made sure that the system was designed with pressure in mind, and I was able to find one where the pressure drop is not noticeable. Each softening system will have a PSI rating, look at this before making your decision. Keep in mind, if you do not pay attention to your pre-filter longevity and basic maintenance schedule, all systems will slow down eventually.
We have already discussed the differences in technology between the salt-based systems and the salt-free systems, but there are more things you can be aware of in terms of technology. For starters, you will notice that nearly all the soft water system solution out there will offer several additional components that will enhance your water even further.
This is where that water test, we discussed comes into play. Each water supply will come loaded with different contaminants and different levels of hardness molecules.
For example, someone who lives in a more mountainous area will most likely have a much higher amount of rock and sediment in their water, while someone else who is in a wetland area, may have more bacteria and protozoan. Depending on the additional options that your water softener system has, these may be beneficial to you.
For example, an area with higher bacteria may benefit from the popular add-on, the UV-Light. This is an optional accessory for many systems that claim to help combat bacteria and protozoa-like contaminants.
If you are dealing with higher levels of these things, the light may make sense to you, but maybe not for our mountain home. There, they are likely dealing with sediment, rock, and harder material. Many softeners will allow you to add on multiple sediment filters, or sometimes multiple filters to remove these things before they ever reach your water softening unit.
When it comes to installing your water softener, like most things on the list, it will depend on the model and size you choose. Often, salt-free systems tend to be less involved when it comes to DIY installation. These are usually smaller systems with less moving parts, which makes it easy to install on your own without the need of a plumber. Because salt-free systems do not require a salt holding tank, they are also better for small spaces where you may not be able to fit a tank.
Salt-Based systems can waiver in their degree of installation difficulty. They usually require a larger holding tank for salt, and if you are using it every day, getting a small tank will not make sense because of the constant need to replenish the salt. However, if you can follow directions well and are not worried about an extra hour or two of installation, even salt-based systems can be easily installed by the homeowner.
The most important thing you can do is verify that the company provides good technical support and that they have a solid installation manual. Most systems are now designed with the homeowner in mind and if the company offers good support and online help, I am confident that you will be able to install any system on our list.
How Do I Install a Water Softener?
Thankfully, most water softeners these days are designed to be installed by the homeowner. Companies have quickly realized the value in this, and the public (You!) is benefitting the most. Each system will be slightly different but in general, most water softeners have the same general installation concepts. It is also important to realize that if you are replacing an old softener, this will be far quicker than installing one for the very first time.
After you have verified that your water softener will fit into a space near your water inlet lines, BEFORE your water heater, the installation process can begin. You do not want to install a water softener downstream of a water heater; the hot water may damage the system.
One thing to check is the type of material your existing water lines are made from; this will determine how easy it is to install your water heater. Salt-Free systems will usually be less involved and require an easy water line connection and system mount, while salt-based systems may have more pipes and connections to consider.
Before you begin the process of connecting your water lines, turn of the main water to your home and your water heater. This is a general safety rule that is important to remember. With those things turned off, find the area among the main water line where you want to install the water softener.
If there is already a pipe coming out of the line for an existing water heater, connect the pipe to your inlet valve on your softener. If there is not an existing line, cut a small area out of the main water pipe and install and elbow bracket. From that main water line connection, either adds a small pipe to the elbow bracket and connect it to the softener valve or connect the existing pipe to the softener as stated above.
When the inlet water line is connected to the softener, you will need to check and see if there Is an outlet valve on your water softener, if not, that means your water enters the system and returns to the waterline using the same valve. If there is an outlet valve, repeat the above process to set the outlet valve up to the main water line.
Most systems will also have a drain hose to allow any trapped water to be expelled, clamp this, and feed it to the drain of your choosing. Sinks, floor drains, or sump pumps will all work. Once these are done, flush the system for several minutes to prime your system and flush any dust or debris that was picked up during install.
How Do I Clean a Water Softener?
There are several ways to clean your water softener and with recent technological advances, many systems now have a cleaning mode you can utilize. Salt-free systems are the easiest to clean, quite frankly, you do not need to do it. If there is a pre-filter to capture sediment, you will want to ensure that the housing and the filter are always in peak condition, but the cleaning of the actual softening system is not required often.
Salt-Based systems are another story. The salt holding and brine tank will need to be scrubbed out to avoid salt buildups within the tank.
This will also help ensure that your flow rates remain at the highest possible rate. Use a dash or two of dish soap with hot water in any empty tank and a soft brush to scrub the sides. This will not allow minerals to crystallize and find their way into your water system. Each system will have its own unique way of managing this; refer to the manual for the best results.
How Long Do Water Softeners Last?
This is a question that will largely depend on how much you use the system and the type of system you choose. In terms of salt-based systems, many will come with 10+ year warranties and have life expectancies that are nearly double that. For the amount of weight the salt-based system is pulling, this is highly impressive considering the low up-front and operational costs of the system.
Salt-Free systems have an expectation that with normal usage, the last decades. Many have warranties that exceed 12 years, and some will advertise that this system will never need replaced. Since salt-free systems do NOT require electricity, they have far less that can go wrong with them. There is no switchboard or pump that can go bad, they are simply install and let do their job for dozens of years on end.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ANSWERED
Do Water Softeners Remove Iron?
Most systems will not remove a large amount of iron, but you will see a slight decrease from your water softener. Trace amounts of iron can be removed with a standard water softener but if your water is a high in iron, you may want to find a separate filter to combine with your softening system.
Does a Water Softener Reduce Water Pressure?
You will most likely see a decrease in pressure but if you keep pre-filters clean and do not overwork your softener, it will hardly be noticeable with a quality system. Cheaper systems will not handle flow rate and pressure as well as higher-end systems, but if you do not overwork the system, you will not see a huge decrease.
Do Water Softener Remove Chlorine?
Yes! This is what they specialize in! Chlorine is the leading cause of limescale buildup and other crystallization within your appliances and water pipes. You should see large deduction chlorine from both salt-based and salt-free water softeners.
Do Salt-Free Water Softeners Really Work?
This depends on what you want to get out of your softening system. If your number 1 goal is to remove limescale buildup and to elongate the life of your appliances, then a salt-free system will work for you. If you want to remove minerals and contaminants in your water supply, then a salt-based system is the key.
What Hardness Should a Water Softener Be Set?
This depends on your water and the settings of the system that you choose to go with. The harder your water, the higher the setting on your device will be. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions, and you will be good to go. Just make sure to get that water test done!
Is it Okay to Drink Softened Water?
Yes! It is even healthier than untreated water. A quality water softener will allow not allow crystallizations and heavier sediment through to your faucets, but it will leave trace amounts of good minerals that are healthy for you!
When Should I Add Salt to the Water Softener?
The easiest way to know when to change the salt is to constantly check and know your exact levels of salt. I do not suggest waiting until it is empty because you would then run into the issue where you will have untreated water. I will constantly keep mine filled, usually adding salt every few weeks.
Are Water Softeners Safe?
Absolutely. There is no safer way to treat your water than a trusted and proven water softener. Both salt-free and salt-based systems are safe for your home and to consume the water after it is treated.
Water softeners are among the most important appliances that you can have in your home. They may seem like something that is a luxury, but if you are looking for an improvement in your overall health and to get the most out of your appliances, a softener is vital.
Additionally, you will have a massive improvement in your shower quality, soap lather, and softened water is better for your hair and skin. There are several options to choose from when it comes to water softeners, and with a little bit of research, we are confident that you will find the best water softener for you. Between our in-depth buying guide and ultra-detailed water softener review section, I am sure your perfect system is hiding in this article somewhere!
We thank you for tuning into this article, and please look around our website for more information on all your water filtration and softening needs.